Just like any other technical field, the delivery services industry also uses a set of specialised terms, which those looking for this kind of services should familiarise themselves with. Naturally, this terminology can only be mastered partially, but even so, it is essential to be familiar at least with the most commonly used terms in order to be able to develop proper business relationships and make proper decisions in terms of delivery solutions. Here are a few basic terms and phrases to serve as your introduction guide to the delivery services industry.
- The term refers to goods/materials to be shipped in an aircraft. Along with airmail and air express, it is a component of air cargo.
Bill of lading (B/L or BOL)
- The term refers to a binding contract issued by the carrier that serves as proof that the goods to be delivered have reached the transportation service provider for shipping. This contract contains descriptive details regarding the goods to be delivered as well as proves their ownership by a specified party.
- The term refers to an item in need of shipping.
- The term refers to a logistics procedure which involves the direct transfer of cargo from a railroad car or semi-trailer truck to another rail car, trailer or truck at a dock facility. No handling or storage time is involved. Less-Than-Truckload (LTL) freight is usually involved. See Less-Than-Truckload (LTL) freight.
- The term refers to freight classification system used at international level. Examples of such delivery include the centralised administration of income taxes, inter-municipal cooperation in terms of fire and emergency services, regional management of police forces, fire and emergency communications, regional planning of economic development services or regional provision of such services.
- The term refers to delivery scenarios where the point of origin and the destination point are located in different states.
- The term refers to delivery scenarios where the point of origin and the destination point are located in the same state.
- The term refers to the transfer of goods or materials from a transport hub to an end destination. This last mile requires up to 28% of the total transportation costs. This is commonly known in the delivery services industry as the "the last mile problem".
Less-Than-Truckload (LTL) freight
- The term refers to freight smaller than that required for truckload (TL) shipping and thus not large enough to fill an intermodal container or a semi-trailer. Less-than-truckload shipments usually weigh less than 10,000 pounds.
Next flight out (NFO) freight
- The term refers to a shipment method which ensures long-distance shipping within short delivery times.
Over-the-road (OTR) freightV
- The term refers to a shipment method with ensures the transportation of goods or materials between cities or states.
Truckload (TL) freight
- The term refers to freight larger than that required for less-than-truckload (LTL) shipping, usually large enough to fill an intermodal container or a semi-trailer. Truckload shipments usually weigh more than 10,000 pounds.